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Celebrating Native American Heritage Month: History, Significance, and Educational Activities

November marks Native American Heritage Month, a time dedicated to recognizing the rich history, culture, and contributions of Native American peoples. It's an opportunity for educational institutions to foster awareness and appreciation among students. In this blog, we'll delve into the history of this important month and suggest meaningful activities that schools can implement to honor and celebrate Native American heritage.

The History of Native American Heritage Month

Native American Heritage Month traces its roots back to the early 20th century when efforts to recognize the contributions of Native Americans began to gain momentum. The idea was proposed by Dr. Arthur C. Parker, a Seneca Indian, who was one of the first advocates for a day to honor the first Americans. In 1990, President George H.W. Bush approved a joint resolution designating November as “National American Indian Heritage Month.” This month not only honors the rich and diverse cultures of Native Americans but also serves as a reminder of their significant contributions to the United States.

Significance of Native American Heritage Month

  1. Cultural Awareness: It helps in spreading awareness about the diverse cultures, traditions, and histories of Native American tribes.

  2. Historical Education: It provides an opportunity to educate people about the history of Native Americans, including their challenges and achievements.

  3. Recognition of Contributions: It acknowledges the significant contributions of Native Americans in various fields, including arts, sciences, and politics.

George Catlin American, 1796–1872 The White Cloud, Head Chief of the Iowas, 1844/1845 oil on canvas, 71 x 58 cm (27 15/16 x 22 13/16 in.) National Gallery of Art, Paul Mellon Collection

Activities to Honor Native American Heritage Month in Schools

  1. Cultural Exhibitions: Organize exhibitions showcasing Native American art, crafts, and historical artifacts.

  2. Guest Speakers: Invite Native American speakers to share their stories, experiences, and knowledge about their culture and history.

  3. Book Readings and Discussions: Feature books by Native American authors in class readings and hold discussions on their works.

  4. Traditional Dance and Music Performances: Host performances of traditional Native American dances and music, possibly collaborating with local tribes or cultural groups.

  5. Class Projects and Presentations: Encourage students to research and present on various Native American tribes, their history, and contributions.

  6. Cooking Traditional Recipes: Introduce students to traditional Native American recipes and organize a cooking day.

  7. Film Screenings: Show films and documentaries about Native American history and contemporary issues.

  8. Art and Craft Workshops: Conduct workshops on traditional Native American crafts such as beadwork, basket weaving, or pottery.

You may access teacher resources here to incorporate this into your lessons.

Challenges and Sensitivities

While celebrating Native American Heritage Month, it's crucial to approach activities with sensitivity and respect. Avoid stereotypes and ensure that representations are accurate and dignified. Collaboration with Native American community members can enhance authenticity and respectfulness.

Apsáalooke Feminist series #3 by Wendy Red Star, Artist. 2016. Used by Permission.

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA.


Native American Heritage Month provides a valuable opportunity for schools to enrich their students' understanding and appreciation of Native American cultures and histories. Through thoughtful and engaging activities, educators can create an inclusive environment that honors and celebrates the diversity and contributions of Native Americans.

Call to Action: We encourage educators to embrace the spirit of Native American Heritage Month and integrate these activities into their curricula. By doing so, they not only educate but also inspire respect and appreciation for the diverse cultures that enrich our society.


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